On SAGE Insight: The impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction

Article: The impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction among ordinary users in Jordan

From International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Facebook has become the most popular social networking site with more than 2.07 billion monthly active users. However, this popularity has its pains too reflected by some addictive behavior among its users. This addiction has psychological, physical and social impact on user’s life. Little research so far has examined the links between motives for Facebook use and Facebook addiction. This study therefore examined the impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction among ordinary users in Jordan.

To achieve the study objective, a quantitative approach (an online questionnaire with 502 Facebook users) was conducted. The questionnaire is probably the best method available to collect original data describing a large population without observing directly. The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) was used in this study to measure Facebook addiction. After removing 105 questionnaires for different reasons a total of 397 questionnaires were analyzed. The analysis found 153 out of 397 cases were Facebook addicts which reflects a high ratio of 38.5% among the studied sample.

It is necessary to develop strategies for prevention of internet addiction as well as therapeutic interventions, which is vital for promoting healthy and safe use of Facebook. Among the motives identified, escapism and passing time, exhibitionism and companionship, and relationships maintenance were the strong predictors of Facebook addiction.


Abstract

Background:

Facebook has become the most popular social networking site with more than 2.07 billion monthly active users. However, this popularity has its pains too reflected by some addictive behavior among its users. Although researchers have recently started to examine the factors that influence Facebook addiction, little research examined the links between motives for Facebook use and Facebook addiction. These studies mainly concentrate on students too. Also, little research has explored this issue among general public in general and among people in Jordan in particular.

Aims:

This study therefore examined the impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction among ordinary users in Jordan.

Method:

A sample of 397 ordinary users is employed to achieve the study objective.

Results:

Results showed that 38.5% of the participants were addicted to Facebook. Facebook addiction was significantly associated with six motives, namely exhibitionism and companionship, entertainment, escapism and passing time, social curiosity, relationships formation and relationships maintenance.

Conclusion:

Among these six motives, escapism and passing time, exhibitionism and companionship, and relationships maintenance were the strong predictors of Facebook addiction.

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Article details

The impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction among ordinary users in Jordan
Basil Alzougool
First Published June 25, 2018 Research Article
DOI: 10.1177/0020764018784616
From International Journal of Social Psychiatry


     
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