On SAGE Insight: Pathways linking family stress to youth delinquency and substance use

Article title: Pathways linking family stress to youth delinquency and substance use: Exploring the mediating roles of self-efficacy and future orientation

From Journal of Health Psychology

The primary aim of this study is to better illuminate the pathways that mediate direct relationship between parental distress and youth delinquency and substance use. Authors examined whether high self-esteem and positive future orientation mediated parental stress and youth substance use and delinquency. African American adolescents in poorer neighborhoods experience significant sanctions related to drug use and delinquency. Parental stress (i.e. substance use, mental distress, and incarceration) is associated with youth drug use and delinquency. This study expands prior research by identifying that self-esteem as on the indirect pathway with future orientation as a mediator between family stress and delinquency. Youth with greater self-esteem may have the confidence to overcome pressures to conform to peer group norms and choose health-promoting behaviors rather than engaging in substance abuse and delinquency.


Abstract

African American adolescents in poorer neighborhoods experience significant sanctions related to drug use and delinquency. Parental stress (i.e. substance use, mental distress, and incarceration) is associated with youth drug use and delinquency. We examined whether high self-esteem and positive future orientation mediated parental stress and youth substance use and delinquency. Demographic, family stress, future orientation, self-esteem, and drug use data were collected from 578 youths. Major findings indicated that self-esteem mediated the relationship between family stress and both drug use and delinquency. Future mediated the relationship between family stress and delinquency. Resiliency factors may promote positive development for low-income youth.

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Article details

Pathways linking family stress to youth delinquency and substance use: Exploring the mediating roles of self-efficacy and future orientation
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Sarah M Bassett, Phillip L Marotta
First Published 24 Mar 2018
DOI: 10.1177/1359105318763992
Journal of Health Psychology

 

 

 

     
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