Article title: Development of musical abilities: Cross-sectional computer-based assessments in educational contexts
From Psychology of Music
The impacts of musical training have been examined in numerous contexts, and results show that it not only develops musical abilities, but also has a significant effect on the development of a number of cognitive and affective characteristics as well. It has a positive impact on emotional development. This study developed a technology-based musical perception test which examines basic musical hearing abilities. Findings indicate that abilities are amenable and an increased number of hours devoted to music education at school would have a measurable impact.
Online diagnostic measurement of musical abilities in a school environment is a new way to enhance pedagogic effectiveness. In our study we developed a technology-based musical perception test which examines basic musical hearing abilities among 1st to 11th graders in Hungarian schools (N = 2961). The instrument was composed of tasks measuring the discrimination of rhythm, tempo, melody, pitch, harmony, timbre and dynamics, and we also tested the connection between auditory and visual modality. The results indicated an increasing developmental tendency during the period under examination. Students who attend classes with a special music curriculum achieved better results, except in the first years of school. A weak relationship was found between socio-economic background variables and test achievement; however, parents’ educational attainment and students’ school marks have a stronger relationship. Similarly to previous research findings, no significant gender differences were found.
Development of musical abilities: Cross-sectional computer-based assessments in educational contexts
Kata Asztalos, Benő Csapó
First Published November 24, 2016 research-article
Psychology of Music