On SAGE Insight: Two Models of Teacher Accountability


Article title: Two Models of Teacher Accountability – Toward an Explanation for the Disappointing Results of Some Market-Based School Reforms

From Administration & Society

One of the pivotal concerns of applied social science in general and public administrations in particular is the concept of accountability and the conditions and practices that increase the accountability of government workers to a wide array of stakeholders. Over the past few decades, many school systems in the United States have engaged in an experiment in school reform inspired by market theories of individual work effort and accountability. New public management can be viewed as a market-based approach to increasing teacher accountability.

The article describes the market-based approach to accountability exemplified by agency theory, applies it to school reform and derives several predictions about the likely success of market-based approaches to school reform, and documents the lack of evidence supporting the contention that programs for school choice will markedly improve teacher work effort and performance .

Abstract

Accountability is a pivotal concern of applied social science. This article asserts that in many situations a full explanation of the sources of accountability requires the application of concepts from sociology and management science, in addition to those from the market-based approaches inspired by economics. The article describes the market-based approach to accountability exemplified by agency theory, applies it to school reform and derives several predictions about the likely success of market-based approaches to school reform, and documents the lack of evidence supporting the contention that programs for school choice will markedly improve teacher work effort and performance (as measured by student test scores). The social actor approach, rooted in sociological and management theories, is introduced and used to describe the pressures and norms operating in the public schools that foster accountability even in the absence of competition between schools for students. The article concludes with some implications for practice and research on public sector accountability.

Read this article for free

Article details
Lenahan O’Connell and Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf
Two Models of Teacher Accountability: Toward an Explanation for the Disappointing Results of Some Market-Based School Reforms
Administration & Society 0095399715602732, first published on September 7, 2015 doi:10.1177/0095399715602732

 

 

 

 

 

     
This entry was posted in Education, SAGE Insight and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply