The influence of ‘‘No Child Left Behind’’ legislation on drug prevention in U.S. schools

From Evaluation Review

Is the US government winning the war on drugs and violence in schools? This study examines prevention practices aimed to reduce youth violence and drug use through its Safe and Drug-Free Schools (SDFS) program.  Findings suggest policies have not been implemented fully and widely often due to conflict of priorities, for example schools not supporting the Federal priority of student drug testing or due to distribution and management of funding.

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This study examines prevention practices and perceptions in U.S. schools since passage of federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, using survey data from state education agencies (SEA) and a population-based sample of school districts. Only one third of U.S. public school districts rely on evidence-based prevention curriculum in middle schools. Funding from other sources and large size were positively associated with using evidence-based curricula. States and districts differed on their perceptions of high-priority activities, and neither supported the federal priority on student drug testing. The findings suggest that there is a disconnect between what NCLB says and what is funded.

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Article details:
Title: The Influence of ‘‘No Child Left Behind’’ Legislation on Drug Prevention in U.S. Schools

Author: Hyunsan Cho, Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J. Iritani, and Shane Hartman

From: Evaluation Review, Vol. 33, No. 5, 446-463 (2009)
DOI: 10.1177/0193841X09335050

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