Article title: Cascading Globalization and Local Response Indian Fishers’ Response to Export Market Liberalization
Fishing communities around the world confront crucial dilemmas in the face of globalization. Trade liberalization may provide new opportunities for previously isolated villages if they can gain access to global markets. This study examines the conditions under which resource use increases or decreases in response to reduced trade barriers, specifically after the 2008 World Trade Organization decision that led the United States to reduce anti-dumping duties on Indian shrimp.
The results suggest that fishers respond to economic opportunities when they are aware of market changes. This study moves beyond the debate on positive vs. harmful environmental effects of trade liberalization. It identifies conditions under which trade liberalization impacts fisheries, as well as policy interventions that could mitigate resulting ecosystem damage.
Scholars have long debated whether trade liberalization has positive or negative effects on resource use and ecosystems. This study examines the conditions under which resource use increases or decreases in response to reduced trade barriers, specifically after the 2008 World Trade Organization decision that led the United States to reduce anti-dumping duties on Indian shrimp. At the district level in South India, fishing fleet expansion was correlated with access to global market information via mobile phones. Model simulations indicate that increased mobile phone saturation could expand fishing effort sufficiently to deplete multiple marine species groups, while other species benefit from the loss of predators. However, scenario analysis suggests that regulatory interventions could mitigate these ecosystem pressures while still permitting fishers to benefit from increased access to global market information.
Mark Axelrod, Brian Roth, Daniel Boyd Kramer, Shyam S. Salim, Julia M. Novak, T. V. Sathianandan, and Somy Kuriakose
Cascading Globalization and Local Response: Indian Fishers’ Response to Export Market Liberalization
The Journal of Environment & Development September 2015 24: 315-344, first published on July 3, 2015 doi:10.1177/1070496515591577