Article title: Comparing the Effects of Maternal and Paternal Incarceration on Adult Daughters’ and Sons’ Criminal Justice System Involvement A Gendered Pathways Analysis
From Criminal Justice and Behavior
This analysis compares the effects of maternal and paternal incarceration on adult daughters’ and sons’ criminal justice system (CJS) involvement. As mass incarceration has proliferated in recent decades, there has been a corresponding increase in research examining outcomes among children of incarcerated parents. This study uses a gendered pathways framework to examine the effects of maternal and paternal incarceration on criminal involvement of their adult offspring. The results of this analysis affirm the utility of gendered pathways for studying parental incarceration, and offer support for future research examining the long-term consequences and gendered context of parental incarceration. The study concludes by identifying implications for gender-responsive correctional research and policy.
This analysis compares the effects of maternal and paternal incarceration on adult daughters’ and sons’ criminal justice system (CJS) involvement. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) are used to examine differences by parent and offspring sex in the effect of parental incarceration on respondents’ self-reported arrest, conviction, and incarceration after age 18 (N = 15,587). Net of controls, both maternal and paternal incarceration significantly increase log odds of adult offspring CJS involvement. This effect is especially pronounced for same-sex parent–child dyads, suggesting that the salience of parental incarceration for adult offending outcomes is gendered. In addition, intimate partner abuse and running away are significant predictors of adult CJS involvement for women, but not for men. The results suggest the importance of examining parental incarceration using a gendered, developmental framework such as gendered pathways, as well as the need for gender-responsive correctional programming.
Comparing the Effects of Maternal and Paternal Incarceration on Adult Daughters’ and Sons’ Criminal Justice System Involvement
A Gendered Pathways Analysis
Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Beth M. Huebner, Joseph M. Durso
Vol 43, Issue 8, 2016
Criminal Justice and Behavior