Outcomes in adults with autism spectrum disorders: A historical perspective

Article and Podcast

From Autism

To celebrate Autism Awareness Month we are highlighting the following article and podcast and offering free access to both. The paper examines the ways in which researchers have defined successful adult outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) from the first systematic follow-up reports to the present day. In the podcast the author discusses the co-authored review paper published in volume 17 issue 1 of Autism.

Abstract

In this review, we examine the ways in which researchers have defined successful adult outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) from the first systematic follow-up reports to the present day. The earliest outcome studies used vague and unreliable outcome criteria, and institutionalization was a common marker of poor outcomes. In the past decade, researchers have begun to standardize the measurement of adult outcomes with specific criteria based on friendships, employment, and living arrangements. Although nearly all of these studies have agreed that the majority of adults with ASD have poor outcomes, evolving concepts of what it means to be an adult could have an impact on outcomes measured. For example, some researchers have suggested that taking into account the person-environment fit could reveal a more optimistic picture of outcomes for these adults. Suggestions for future research are discussed.

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Article details
Henninger, N., & Taylor, J. (2012). Outcomes in adults with autism spectrum disorders: a historical perspective Autism, 17 (1), 103-116 DOI: 10.1177/1362361312441266

     
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