On SAGE Insight: Employment programs and interventions targeting adults with autism spectrum disorder

Article title: Employment programs and interventions targeting adults with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review of the literature

From Autism

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder face significant challenges entering the workforce; yet research in this area is limited and the issues are poorly understood. In this systematic review, empirical peer-reviewed studies on employment programs, interventions and employment-related outcomes in individuals with autism spectrum disorder were identified and evaluated. There is a pressing need for the identification of appropriate work options and services that support and promote better employment outcomes for adults with ASD. The goal of this review is to provide a systematic overview of the literature regarding employment programs or interventions, and employment-related outcomes for individuals with ASD,

Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder face significant challenges entering the workforce; yet research in this area is limited and the issues are poorly understood. In this systematic review, empirical peer-reviewed studies on employment programs, interventions and employment-related outcomes in individuals with autism spectrum disorder over 18 years with and without intellectual disability were identified and evaluated. The review was prefaced by a summary of previous systematic reviews in the area. Web of Science, Medline, PsychINFO, ERIC and Scopus databases were systematically searched through to October 2015. From 32,829 records identified in the initial search, 10 review and 50 empirical articles, comprising N = 58,134 individuals with autism spectrum disorder, were included in the review. Selected articles were organised into the following themes: employment experiences, employment as a primary outcome, development of workplace skills, non-employment-related outcomes, assessment instruments, employer-focused and economic impact. Empirical studies were limited by poor participant characterization, small sample size and/or a lack of randomization and use of appropriate controls. Poor conceptualization and measurement of outcomes significantly limited study quality and interpretation. Future research will require a multidisciplinary and multifaceted approach to explore employment outcomes on the individual, the family system, co-workers and the employer, along with the impact of individual differences on outcome.

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Article details

Employment programs and interventions targeting adults with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review of the literature
Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Lauren Cameron, Santoshi Halder, Amanda Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake
Article first published online: August 18, 2016; Issue published: November 1, 2017
DOI: 10.1177/1362361316661855
Autism

 

     
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