Water pollution: Challenges and future direction for water resource management policies

Water Pollution: Challenges and Future Direction for Water Resource Management Policies in Malaysia

From Environment and Urbanization Asia

There is no doubt that rivers and their management will be a central issue in the twenty-first century, particularly as more than half the world’s rivers are ‘dying’. As rivers become more and more polluted, water becomes scarce. Forest harvesting and agricultural and urban development have resulted in the pollution of most river systems, affected ecological dynamics and disrupted natural food chains. Most of the sources of pollution have been caused by human activity, although some of them come from natural sources of pollution. The problem of water pollution is now becoming more serious with reports indicating a downward trend year by year. This article discusses the water resource policies in Malaysia and provides some recommendations that will be helpful for policymakers to improve river water quality.

Abstract

Water pollution is a major problem in the global environment. This necessitates continuing assessment and review of water resource policy at all levels. The main objectives of this article are to investigate major sources of water pollution, water resource policies and challenges to improve water quality in Malaysia. The findings indicate that the major problem associated with water pollution is that human heart and kidneys can be adversely affected if polluted water is consumed regularly. Other health problems associated with polluted water are poor blood circulation, skin lesions, vomiting, cholera, gastroenteritis and damage to the nervous system. It also highlighted that residential, agricultural and industrial wastes are three main sources of river pollution in Malaysia. This article also identified several challenges fronting as rural water supply and sanitation, recreational water and safe drinking water in Malaysia. Finally, we discuss the water resource policies in Malaysia and provide some recommendations that will be helpful for policymakers to improve river water quality, particularly in Malaysia.

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Article details
Rafia Afroz, Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Rulia Akhtar, and Jarita Bt Duasa
Water Pollution: Challenges and Future Direction for Water Resource Management Policies in Malaysia
Environment and Urbanization Asia March 2014 5: 63-81, doi:10.1177/0975425314521544

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
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