On SAGE Insight: Exploring fatherhood norms and identifying norm patterns: What should a Russian father be like?

Article title: What should a Russian father be like? Exploring fatherhood norms and identifying norm patterns among inhabitants of Saint Petersburg

From International Political Science Review

Research on fathering, male role models, masculinity and fatherhood has expanded significantly in the US and Western Europe since the 1970s, prompted by profound societal changes, the development of gender equality across the globe, and the proliferation of what has been referred to as postmodern values. Norms of the role of the father in the family are related to general norms of masculinity and, hence, are an important part of the study of politics and the political climate in a society. Based on data from a survey conducted in Saint Petersburg in 2013, this article sheds new light on attitudes towards fatherhood in contemporary Russia. The paper has identified three fatherhood models. Two of them, the breadwinner model and the new fatherhood model also relate clearly to what previous research on fatherhood in Western Europe and the US has shown. The third model, marginalized fatherhood, seems to be a distinct (albeit perhaps not unique) Russian feature of fatherhood. Authors explore what norms are held concerning fatherhood, how these attitudes are related to age, sex, education and income as well as to ideal–typical models established in previous research on fatherhood from Western Europe and the US. Research on fathering, male role models, masculinity and fatherhood has expanded significantly in the US and Western Europe since the 1970s, prompted by profound societal changes, the development of gender equality across the globe, and the proliferation of what has been referred to as postmodern values. Norms of the role of the father in the family are related to general norms of masculinity and, hence, are an important part of the study of politics and the political climate in a society.

Abstract

Based on data from a survey conducted in Saint Petersburg in 2013, this article sheds new light on attitudes towards fatherhood in contemporary Russia. We explore what norms are held concerning fatherhood, how these attitudes are related to age, sex, education and income as well as to ideal–typical models established in previous research on fatherhood from Western Europe and the US. Thus, the article also discusses what explanatory value established theoretical models have for the Russian context. Norms of the role of the father in the family are related to general norms of masculinity and, hence, are an important part of the study of politics and the political climate in a society. The results show that there are several fatherhood ideals present in contemporary Northwestern Russia: a traditional breadwinner model, an active fatherhood model as well as what we refer to as a marginalized fatherhood model. The latter has not been substantially identified in previous research, and may tentatively be identified as a legacy of the Soviet era.

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Article details
What should a Russian father be like? Exploring fatherhood norms and identifying norm patterns among inhabitants of Saint Petersburg
Pelle Åberg, Joakim Ekman, Johnny Rodin
First Published April 4, 2017
DOI: 10.1177/0192512116684345
International Political Science Review

 

     
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